TIAN'AN MEN SQUARE is the heart of modern Beijing. It is huge and stretches one kilometre in one direction and 700 metres in the other abd can acommodate one million people. It is flanked by ancient gates and communist era buildings which house the national museum and The Great Hall Of The People. Mao's mausoleum is a focal point of the square. The square leads into the entrance to the Forbidden City.
The Forbidden City
Twenty four emperors ruled China from here for nearly 500 years. There were palaces for the Emperor and the first lady as well as rooms for thousands of concubines and their children.
The Temple Of Heaven
This temple is where the Emperor would come to communicate with heaven. The round alter represents the centre of the world and the accoustics magnify the sounds which enabled the Emperor to speak directly to his God
The circular tower, the Hall of Prayer for good harvests, was built without the use of a single nail. There is an extensive courtyard in front of it, with other smaller buildings, built in the same style.
As an added protection, the whole complex is surrounded by a moat.